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Monday, November 10, 2014

Aurangzeb Alamgir History In Urdu Aurangzeb Alamgir Par Ek Nazar Biography

Aurangzeb Alamgir History In Urdu: Hindustan mein khandan mughliya ka azeem akhri tajdar jis ne 1069 hijri se 1118 hijri tak hukumat ki.  Wo Shah Jahan ka teesra beta aur Malika Mumtaz Mahal ke batan se tha. Gujrat mein paida hua/ Arabic, Persian, Quran aur Hadees ki ala taleem hasil ki. Madri zuban urdu thi taham us ne Hindi mein bhi maharat hasil kar rakhi thi. 1050 hijri mein Shah Jahan ne usay Deccan ka hakam muqarar kiya. Lekin apne bare bhai ki baghawat ke moqa par 1054 hijri mein us ne Deccan ki hukumat chhor di. Agley saal usay Gujrat ka hakam muqarar kiya gya. 1059 mein wo Kandahar ki taraf barhta ke usay Iraniyon ke muhasray se nijat dilaye. Lekin bad qismati se Kandahar us ke pohanchne se pehle hi Iraniyon ke hath mein ja chuka tha. 1062 mein us ne aik baar phir koshish ki lekin nakam raha. Usi saal usay wapas Deccan bheej diya gya. Jahan us ne nazam mahasal ki tadween nau ki. 1656 esween mein usay Golconda aur1657 mein Bijapur ko saltanat mughliya mein shamil karne ke liye kamyab hamley kiye. Magar Shah Jahan ke hukam par usay un mehmaat ko adhura chorna para. September 1857 mein Shah Jahan sakht bimar ho gya aur us ke beton ke mabain husool takht ke liye larai barh gyi.

 


June 1658: Aurangzeb Alamgir ne Shah Jahan ko Agra ke qila mein nazar band kar diya jahan wo apni wafat tak 1666 tak nazar band raha. 31 july 1658 ko Aurangzeb ne Alamgir la laqab ikhtiyar kar ke saltanat mughliya par hukumat ka aghaz kiya. Aurangzeb ne apni taweel takht nasheeni ke door mein zayada waqt mukhtalif mehmaat mein guzara. 1662 mein us ne maghrabi Assam ka muhasra kiya jo 1667 mein us ke hath se nikal gya. 1686 mein us ne Golconda ki riyasaton par dobara kamyab hamley kiye aur unhain saltanat mughliya mein shamil kar liya. Youn pehli baar saltanat mughliya sahil se lay kar Hindu Kush ke daman tak phail gyi.


Agley kayi sal us ne saltanat ke intizam mein guzaray magar bad kismati se wo aik acha muntazam sabat na ho saka. Markaz se musalsal ghair haziri ne muqami sardaron ko sar uthanay ka moqa diya. Us ne Islami aqwal aaema ki roshni mein nafiz karne ki koshish ki. Is silsile mein nazam adliya mein beshumar tabdiliyan kien. Mukhtalif qisam ke fatway ke majmue muratab karaye. Is bana par bohat se azad khayal Muslim aur mutasab Hindu us ke mukhalif ho gye. Musalmanon ko sub se bara aitraz is baat par tha ke Aurangzeb ne sikah par se Kalma Tayyaba ke huroof hazaf karne ka hukam diya tha. Shah Jahan ne akhri umer mein sub se bari ghalti ye ki thi ke us ne apni saltanat ko beton mein taqseem kar diya tha jis ki bana par us ke bimar hote hi har betay ne puri saltanat par kabza karne ki koshish ki.

Aurangzeb par Hindu kushi ka bay bunyad ilzam lagaya jata hai. Us ki policy bila shuba Islami thi lekin us ne Hinduon par kabhi tashadad na kiya. Alamgir bohat buland kardar ka malik tha. Us ki zindagi Islami rawayat ke ain mutabiq thi. Wo tamam mazhbi wajbat  ka sakhti se paband tha. Zindagi aish o aram se koson door thi. Libas aur khorak bara sada tha. Us ne sarkari khazana ko hamesha qaumi imanat samjha aur kabhi aik paisa na liya. Apne zati musafir puray karne ke liye won apne hath se topiyan seeta aur Quran Pak lakhta aur isi asool par us ne tamam zindagi basar ki. Wo aik sufi tajdar tha. Us ka tasawar hukumat bohat buland tha. Wo kehta tha ke Khuda mujhe is dunya mein is liye laya ke mein apne liye nahin balkeh dusron ke liye zinda rahon aur mehnat karon. Mera farz hai ke apni rahat ka khayal sirf is had tak karon jis had tak usay mere riaya ki khushi hasil ho.

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