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Monday, November 10, 2014

King Sikandar-e-Azam History in Urdu Alexander Story Sikandar e Azam Tomb

Biography Sikandar-e-Azam History in Urdu: Sikandar-e-Azam ke baap ka naam Philip tha. Phlip ne apne bete ki janasheeni ke liye rahain hamwar kar di thien aur naujawan Sikandar ko ala askari tarbiyat se lais kiya tha. Us ki zehni tarbiyat ka bhi Phlip ne khatar khawa ahtimam kiya tha.

Sikandar ne apni fauj ke sath khuch alaqon ko fatah karne ka mansooba banaya us ne Arab aur Irani saltanat ke shumali alaqon par hamla karne ka irada kiya. Us ka ye mansooba bhi tha ke woh Hindustan par chirhai kare ya Rum aur behra Rum ke maghribi alaqon ko fatah kare. Jese bhi us ke mansoobon hon, hum jantay hain ke us ke baad us ne koi jung nahin lari. 323 qabal masih mein june ke shuru mein Sikandar achanaq bimar ho gaya aur sirf 10 rooz baad hi dunya-e-fani se kooch kar gaya. Tab us ki umar faqat 33 years thi.

Sikandar ne kisi ko apna janasheen muntakhib nahin kiya. So us ki moot ke baad iqtidaar ke liye larai jhagre shuru ho gaye. Chunke woh apni zindagi mein naqabil tasheer raha aur jawan moot mara, so is bare mein mutadad qayas araeyan ki jati hain ke agar woh zinda hota tou kya surat haal hoti? Agar woh apni faujon ke sath behra rum ke maghribi jazeeron ko fatah karne jata tou qayas yehi tha ke woh kamyab rehta. Is surat mein maghribi Europe ki tamaam tareekh yaksar mukhtalif hoti. Aisi qayas araiyan dilchasp zaroor hain lekin  is ka Sikandar ke asrat se kam taluq banta hai.

Sikandar ghaliban tareekh ka intihai daramai kardar tha. Us ki zindagi aur shakhsiyat mein aik tarah ya sehar posheeda hai. Us ki zindagi ke mutaliq mukhtalif haqaeeq bhi daramai andaz ke hain. Aik sapasalar  ki haisiyat se woh achay muqaam par faez tha. Apni 11 sala askari zindagi mein usay 1 baar bhi shikast na hoi. Lekin is ke sath sath woh aik danish war bhi tha. Woh Arastu ka student bhi raha aur Humar ki shayari se us ne baseerat hasil ki. Agarchay us ne doran-e-jung mutadad baar apni zindagi ko jokham mein dala, lekin us ne apne janasheen ka kabhi yakeen na kiya. Us ki yehi ghaflat us ki moot me foran baad us ki saltanat ki azeem phoot ka sabab bani.

Sikandar aik sehar angaiz shakhsiyat ka malik tha. Mutadad mawaqon par us ne apne maftoheen se rawaiya bara farakhdana raha. Iran wapas akar Sikandar ne agla 1 saal apni saltanat aur fooj ki tanzeem mein sarf kiya. Ye aik bari tanzeem no thi. Sikandar ko yaqeen tha ke Unani tamadan hi sahi manon mein haqeeqi tehzeeb thi. Yehi tamam Unani dunya ka nuqta nazar tha. Hata ke Arastu ka bhi yehi nuqta nazar tha. Us ke bawajood ke woh Irani faujon ko mukamal shikast de chuka tha, Sikandar ko ehsaas hua ke Irani kisi toor par wehshi qaum nahin thay, balkeh infaradi toor par Irani bohat zaheen, qabil aur laiq ahtram thay jese Unani thay. Tab us ne apni saltanat ke in dopnon hison ko baham mad gham karne ka faisla kiya aur aik mutehd Unani Irani tehzeeb aur badshahat ki bunyad rakhi jis ka woh sarbarah tha. Jis had tak hum qayas kar sakte hain woh teh dil se chahta tha ke Iraniyon ko Unani aur Macdonia ke barabar ki hesiyat aur hisa de. Is niyat se us ne Iraniyon ki bari tadad ko apni fauj mein bharti kiya. Us ne "Mashriq aur Maghrib" ki shadi ke unwan se aik shandar taqreeb ka ahtmaam bhi kiya jis mein Maqedonia ke hazaron faujiyon ki Asian auraton se shadiyan karwai gayin. Us ki apni aik Asian Princess se shadi ho chuki thi.

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